Social-economic factors influencing the adoption of improved energy technologies in Makueni and Machakos counties, Kenya



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World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews


Many peri-urban and rural households use traditional stoves which have low energy use efficiency leading to wastefuluse of woodfuel, increase in indoor air pollution and putting more pressure on biomass sources. Energy saving deviceshave been introduced which are environmentally friendly and economical. The main objective of this study was toestablish social-economic factors influencing the adoption of improved energy Multistage sampling technique was usedwhereby; locations and sub-locations were selected purposefully. Households from four sub-locations were chosenusing simple random sampling. A total of 232 households in the four selected study areas were interviewed. The studyused questionnaires and interview schedules for data collection. The collected data was coded and entered into thecomputer for analysis using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and statistics and data software (STATA)presented using tables. Data forecasting analysis was done using the Time series Autoregressive Integrated MovingAverage (ARIMA) time series model for the period 1991 to 2052. Family size had a significant effect on use of LPG (χ2 =22.010, P = 0.001) and electric energy technology (χ2 = 20.482, p = 0.002). The result of this research further showedthat for the respondent to get kerosene lamps, in Unoa, Kilili and Mung’ala, they travelled more than 1 km whereas inKilili, they mainly (18.6%) travelled 101 – 600m for the energy device. This showed a significant different in the distancetravelled in the four areas (χ2 = 86.194, P = 0.0001). The outcome of the research is useful to many stakeholdersincluding the government, Ministries of Agriculture and Energy, Environmentalists, Market Suppliers of improvedenergy devices and Researchers.




World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 2023, 18(01), 269–288