Water resource management: IWRM strategies for improved water management. A systematic review of case studies of East, West and Southern Africa
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Objective The analytical study systematically reviewed the evidence about the IWRM strategy model. The study analysed the IWRM strategy, policy advances and practical implications it had, since inception on effective water management in East, West and Southern Africa. Methods The study adopted the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) and the scoping literature review approach. The study searched selected databases for peer-reviewed articles, books, and grey literature. DistillerSR software was used for article screening. A constructionist thematic analysis was employed to extract recurring themes amongst the regions. Results The systematic literature review detailed the adoption, policy revisions and emerging policy trends and issues (or considerations) on IWRM in East, West and Southern Africa. Thematic analysis derived four cross-cutting themes that contributed to IWRM strategy implementation and adoption. The identified four themes were donor effect, water scarcity, transboundary water resources, and policy approach. The output further posited questions on the prospects, including whether IWRM has been a success or failure within the African water resource management fraternity.
Dirwai TL, Kanda EK, Senzanje A, Busari TI. Water resource management: IWRM strategies for improved water management. A systematic review of case studies of East, West and Southern Africa. PLoS One. 2021 May 25;16(5):e0236903. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0236903. PMID: 34032805; PMCID: PMC8148310.